Principles of Effective Treatment – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction
Based on scientific research since the mid-1970s, the following key principles should form the basis of any effective treatment program:
- Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.
No single treatment is right for everyone.
- People need to have quick access to treatment.
- Effective treatment addresses all of the patient’s needs, not just his or her drug use.
- Staying in treatment long enough is critical.
- Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment.
- Medications are often an important part of treatment, especially when combined with behavioral therapies.
- Treatment plans must be reviewed often and modified to fit the patient’s changing needs.
- Treatment should address other possible mental disorders.
- Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of treatment.
- Treatment doesn’t need to be voluntary to be effective.
- Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously.
- Treatment programs should test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as well as teach them about steps they can take to reduce their risk of these illnesses.
- California spends $12 billion dollars per year on state corrections
- Approximately half of prison and jail inmates meet criteria for substance abuse or dependence.
- Most people with substance abuse issues who are released from prison/jail relapse in the community.
- We have an opportunity to provide treatment while incarcerated
- Unfortunately, substance abuse and addiction treatment is not widely available.
- The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University estimates that only 11% of incarcerated individuals in need of substance abuse treatment receive it in jail or prison.
WHY DOES THIS MATTER? Once someone has a conviction on their record it becomes increasingly difficult to find gainful employment, no one wants to rent to you, without treatment it’s likely that they will relapse.